AWS ECR is a managed container registry which allows us to store, manage and deploy container images, mostly Docker images. Similar to Docker Hub, ECR supports two types of registries: public and private. As you may guess, you will need some kind of authentication and authorization in order to pull or push images on private registry.
At the time of writing there are three methods for private authentication:
- Amazon ECR credential helper
- Authorization token
- HTTP API authentication
In this post I’ll cover the authorization token method.
- AWS CLI
Refresh ECR authorization token manually
There are two ways to authenticate Docker to an AWS ECR private registry, using
aws ecr get-login-password and
aws ecr get-login commands. Let’s go with the first one since it’s a bit more secure because it doesn’t expose the password from the CLI.
Step 1. Make sure that AWS CLI is installed and configured on your local machine.
Step 2. Run the following command:
docker login -u AWS -p $(aws ecr get-login-password --region eu-west-1) https://<aws_account_id>.dkr.ecr.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com
Automate the ECR authorization token refresh
Step 3. Since AWS ECR authorization token lasts for 12 hours we can create a simple cron job by running the command
crontab -e and adding the following line:
0 */12 * * * docker login -u AWS -p $(aws ecr get-login-password --region eu-west-1) https://<aws_account_id>.dkr.ecr.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com
Note(s): CI tools like Jenkins provides a way to add cron jobs as well, but at the end of the day, applying the Authorization token method on servers it’s a bad idea from security standpoint.
Choosing the Authorization token method over the credential helper it’s a bad idea in terms of security, because it’s exposing the password unencrypted in your Docker config.json file, but on the other hand, I find it more handy than using HTTP API authentication with
curl or some other API management tool.
To sum it up, If you are working on your local machine, and you need to pull or push some images once in a while, the Authorization token method could do just fine, since it doesn’t require installing additional software (credential helper). But, if an EC2 instance (Jenkins CI, ECS or EKS worker node) needs access for pulling and deploying images from ECR private registries then creating and attaching an IAM Policy to an EC2 Instance Profile should be the best way to do it.
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