Git LFS is a Git extension that allows users to save space by storing binary files in a different location. Git LFS stands for (large file storage) and it’s a method for saving space when working with binary files.
We all know that some repositories have audio files, image files or video files which are all examples of binary files. Git does it great job by tracking changesets in test files and any changes you make to binary files are tracked as an additional copy of a file. This means if you have an image with
100 MB on your repository and if you make any change to it, git will track in new
100 MB file, which starts to add fast if you have additional changes. Furthermore, these changes get pushed to your remote repo and your remote repo starts to grow in size too. Slowing down the time it takes to clone, push, pull or perform other operations with your repo. With Git LFS your commits will point to a lightweight reference object in place of a binary file and your binaries are stored on a separate LFS server. This saves space because any time you clone this LFS repo or checkout a branch you only pull down the version of the binary file that you need from your LFS server.
- Installed git
- Created Bitbucket account and repository
Git Command Line
Before we started with the git lfs and cloning an existing Bitbucket repository, let’s have a quick overview of the basic git command line commands. The most commonly used git commands are:
addAdd file contents to the index
bisectFind the change that introduced a bug by binary search
branchList, create, or delete branches
checkoutCheckout and switch to a branch
cloneClone a repository into a new directory
commitRecord changes to the repository
diffShow changes between commits, the commit and working trees, etc.
fetchDownload objects and refs from another repository
grepPrint lines matching a pattern
initCreate an empty git repository or reinitialize an existing one
logShow commit logs
mergeJoin two or more development histories
mvMove or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink
pullFetch from and merge with another repository or a local branch
pushUpdate remote refs along with associated objects
rebaseForward-port local commits to the updated upstream head
Installing Git LFS
In this tutorial, we will use Centos 7 as a host machine to install and work with git lfs. Before we install the git lfs, we need to make sure that git is already installed on your machine. To check this run:
sudo git --version
You should see the output like below:
Output: git version 126.96.36.199
If you don’t see this output, you will have to install
git before you continue with the tutorial.
Next, we will install the
epel repo by using the following command:
sudo yum install epel-release
To install the git-lfs repo, run:
curl -s https://packagecloud.io/install/repositories/github/git-lfs/script.rpm.sh | sudo bash
sudo yum install git-lfs
That’s it, we successfully installed git-lfs.
Clone Bitbucket repo with Git LFS
Step 1. Log in to your Bitbucket account, navigate to the
Repositories and open it:
Next, we will clone that repo to our Centos 7 machine.
Step 2. Create a directory
project and navigate to that directory with the following commands:
sudo mkdir ~/project sudo cd ~/project/
Now you shoudl clone your repository to the local machine:
sudo git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:repo-name/project.git
If you receive the follwoing error:
Permission denied (publickey). fatal: Could not read from remote repository.
you need to set up
SSH keys and configure it with Bitbucket.
Step 2. From your project directory initialize
sudo git lfs install
Fetch the LFS objects for the current ref from default remote:
sudo git lfs fetch
And now download Git LFS objects for the currently checked out ref:
sudo git lfs pull
In this tutorial, we shown you how to use
git lfs with Bitbucket repository. If you have any further questions feel free to leave a comment bellow.