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Install Docker on Windows 10 without Docker Desktop

Dec 13, 2021 · 1 min read · Post a comment
Install Docker on Windows 10 without Docker Desktop

In today’s topic I’m gonna cover on how to install and run Docker on Windows 10 without Docker Desktop. This means we’ll be using WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux).

Prerequisites

Solution

Note: The following steps will be based on Ubuntu WSL and it follows the official Docker installation for Ubuntu.

Step 1. First, open Terminal and update package index.

sudo apt-get -y update

Step 2. Install the prerequisite packages.

sudo apt-get -y install ca-certificates curl gnupg lsb-release

Step 3. Install the ca-certificates package.

sudo apt-get install -y ca-certificates

Step 4. Add the official Docker’s GKG key.

curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg

Step 5. Set up the stable repository.

echo \
  "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
  $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null

Step 6. Again, update the package index.

sudo apt-get -y update

Step 7. Install Docker.

sudo apt-get -y install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

Step 8. Start the Docker service.

sudo service docker start

Step 9. Finally, verify the installation.

sudo docker run hello-world

Conclusion

If you have encountered any errors along the way please let me know. Also, I would suggest Podman as a better (lightweight and secure) alternative.
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