Telnet could be very useful when testing SMTP servers for email delivery. Let’s explore the steps required in order to send emails successfully.
Step 1. Open Terminal and run the following command:
telnet smtp.gmail.com 25
Trying ... Connected to smtp.somedomain.com. Escape character is '^]'. 220 smtp.somedomain.com
Step 2. Send the EHLO command as a SMTP session initialization followed by the domain name or the IP address of the SMTP client.
250-smtp.somedomain.com at your service 250-SIZE 35882577 250-8BITMIME 250-STARTTLS 250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES 250-PIPELINING 250-CHUNKING 250 SMTPUTF8
Step 3. Use the
MAIL FROM command to specify the email sender.
MAIL FROM: <[email protected]> 250 2.1.0 MAIL ok
Step 4. Use the
RCPT TO command to specify the email destination address.
RCPT TO: <con[email protected]> 250 2.1.5 <[email protected]> ok
Step 5. Now, before sending the message contents, run the
Step 6. Finally, send an email subject and a body. For instance:
Subject: Telnet test message Hello there, This is a test message send from Telnet! Best, DevCoops
Step 7. When you are done with the message, enter a new line, type
. and press Enter.
. 250 2.0.0 OK
Step 8. Last but not least, terminate the connection.
QUIT 221 2.0.0 closing connection
Keep in mind that sending emails through port 25 is an insecure practice and should be only used for testing purposes. A lot of email spam is relayed through port 25 since it’s primarily purpose is, as expected, SMTP relaying. Most of the cloud providers have this port blocked.
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