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How to Send Emails via Telnet

Jan 28, 2022 · 1 min read · Post a comment
How to Send Emails via Telnet

Telnet could be very useful when testing SMTP servers for email delivery. Let’s explore the steps required in order to send emails successfully.

Prerequisites

  • Telnet

Solution

Step 1. Open Terminal and run the following command:

telnet smtp.gmail.com 25

Expected output:

Trying ...
Connected to smtp.somedomain.com.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 smtp.somedomain.com

Step 2. Send the EHLO command as a SMTP session initialization followed by the domain name or the IP address of the SMTP client.

EHLO devcoops.com

Expected output:

250-smtp.somedomain.com at your service
250-SIZE 35882577
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

Step 3. Use the MAIL FROM command to specify the email sender.

MAIL FROM: <no-reply@devcoops.com>
250 2.1.0 MAIL ok

Step 4. Use the RCPT TO command to specify the email destination address.

RCPT TO: <contact@devcoops.com>
250 2.1.5 <contact@devcoops.com> ok

Step 5. Now, before sending the message contents, run the DATA command.

DATA

Step 6. Finally, send an email subject and a body. For instance:

Subject: Telnet test message

Hello there,
This is a test message send from Telnet!

Best,
DevCoops

Step 7. When you are done with the message, enter a new line, type . and press Enter.

.
250 2.0.0 OK 

Step 8. Last but not least, terminate the connection.

QUIT
221 2.0.0 closing connection

Conclusion

Keep in mind that sending emails through port 25 is an insecure practice and should be only used for testing purposes. A lot of email spam is relayed through port 25 since it’s primarly purpose is, as expected, SMTP relaying. Most of the cloud providers have this port blocked.
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